About one in 300 dogs and cats will develop diabetes mellitus during their lifetime And, as with humans, proper diet and proper insulin administration can help them improve their condition.
On the occasion of World Diabetes Day, the veterinary organization MSD Animal Health held a call to raise awareness among dog and cat owners of the importance of early detection diabetes in pets, as the disease is not limited to humans.
According to MSD Animal Health report, middle-aged and older dogs are most susceptible to for the development of diabetes, with unsterilized females suffering the most, and if we focus on the breed, miniature poodles, dachshunds, schnauzers, Cairn terriers and hounds are at a higher risk of developing the disease, although anyone can be affected.
Relatively cats can have diabetes at any age, regardless of gender or raceAlthough adult males, especially if they are obese and / or neutered, occupy the first positions, it has also been found that the higher incidence is observed in Burmese, Russian Blues, Norwegian Forest cats and Abyssinians.
Diabetes is a disease caused by the body’s inability to produce or use insulin and its origin may be due to several reasons, from obesity – one of the main triggers – to a genetic predisposition, as in humans, due to lack of exercise, which contributes to increased insulin resistance and leads to type II diabetes.
Even in the same sanitary conditions men have lower insulin sensitivity than women (30-40%), which makes them much more vulnerable, and if we stick to the age, the older the animal, the higher the risk of diabetes, with animals older than 7 years of age being most susceptible.
How to know
To find out if our animal suffers from diabetes, it is necessary to check whether it corresponds to the three “pads” of the disease: increased appetite and food intake (polyphagia), although with weight loss; multiple urinations both in frequency and quantity (polyuria) and abundant water intake (polydipsia), symptoms that usually resolve when diabetes is controlled.
Further, over time, some sick dogs may develop eye cataracts, an anomaly that can be delayed with appropriate preventive measures, while in the case of cats, the risk of developing this eye ailment is minimal, but in some cases it can manifest itself as yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes and improper posture when walking, caused by neuropathy.
To cure diabetes in animals, it is important to maintain an adequate diet, whether insulin resistance or impaired.
There should also be delivering the correct dose of insulin to the animal using appropriate devices which exist on the market and make it easy, simple, fast and safe to use, assure MSD Animal Health and add that the disease remission rate in cats can be up to 90%, while in dogs diabetes is usually for life.